Image: Name, Title, Description
Digital Exhibitions → Derailed: The History of Black Railway Porters in Canada → Theme: Historical Context
Railway Porters and the Black Canadian Experience after World War II
Black workers were needed on the trains as the porters (working onboard as domestics), or as the red-caps (workers who transported the luggage of passengers to and from the trains), the shoe shiners, or the labourers carrying luggage to and from the station. These were generally the only jobs that were available to Black people in Canada. A job as a sleeping car porter was the most coveted by Black men during these times.
The Black population in Canada grew modestly, but its numbers were always kept in check because of Canada’s racist immigration policies that effectively barred Black immigrants. Black people faced racism and segregation in all areas of life. Their lives were not affluent. Through organizations like Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the union’s Women’s Auxiliary, and the Negro Citizenship Association, Black people intensified their struggle to be recognized fully as Canadian citizens and for them to enjoy the good life. These struggles came to a head when a group of Black porters and their allies entered Union Station for a trip by train to Ottawa, where they would demand the government to put in place steps for the creation of a new, or a modern Canada—one where all peoples would be treated to common decency and have the fundamental right to human dignity.
Below, you can explore the address delivered by Daniel G. Hill to the Black History Conference, “Black History in Early Toronto”, February 18, 1978
Read the full address above.
“Black History in Early Toronto”, February 18, 1978
Daniel G. Hill fonds
Reference Code: F 2130-7-0-6
Archives of Ontario